LEGO Technic 42110 Land Rover Defender ultimate repair guide


I shared many videos with you about the LEGO Technic Land Rover Defender already, you saw my detailed building review, the details of the drive train and the one about the cracking noise and the possible fixes. I received hundreds of comments from you and many-many requests for help, hopefully in most of the cases I was able to assist to find the proper solution.

I decided to create a summary and a video about all the potential issues I found during the building process. I’ll also go through the drive train from the wheels to the engine, how to verify your build, and what are the problems that are not really problems. Each section is linked to the proper part of the video, use the summery below to find the section you are looking for:

Drive train walk trough, how does it work

I go through the drive train from the wheels up to the engine to demonstrate how it works. I suggest to watch it to have a better understanding on the mechanism, it helps to find the issue with your build.

Body removal guide

This section shows you how to remove the body of the car in bigger pieces to gain access to the internals

Building errors based on steps

Step 3 – incorrect gear used, issue at step 62

Error: a 12 tooth black gear is used at step 3 instead of the 8 tooth dark bluish gray gear
Symptom: the two assemblies cannot be properly joined at step 62, the axle won’t turn

Step 4 – rear differential direction swap

Error: The orientation of the differential is important at step 4
Symptom: If one of the two differentials is built in reversed then the front and rear wheels will work against each other and the central differential won’t turn, it won’t drive the gearbox and the engine. Click here to see how does it look like.
How to fix with a finished build : Follow these instructions:

Step 45 – gears swapped or not placed correctly

Error: If incorrect gears are used at step 45 then the assembly cannot be completed

Step 65 – small cross block inserted incorrectly

Error: a common mistake that can be made a lot of times in this build. If the #6536 Technic cross block is inserted incorrectly then the axle that supposed to turn freely in the pin hole will be blocked in the axle hole.
Symptom: The rear wheels does not turn when the car is pushed on the ground as the output of the rear differential is blocked
How to fix with a finished build : Follow these instructions:

Step 74 – small cross block inserted incorrectly

Error: a common mistake that can be made a lot of times in this build. If the #6536 Technic cross block is inserted incorrectly then the axle that supposed to turn freely in the pin hole will be blocked in the axle hole.
Symptom: The central differential or the gearbox is blocked

Step 84 – small cross block inserted incorrectly

Error: a common mistake that can be made a lot of times in this build. If the #6536 Technic cross block is inserted incorrectly then the axle that supposed to turn freely in the pin hole will be blocked in the axle hole.
Symptom: The central differential is blocked

Step 88-89 – U-joint orientation

Error: if the universal joints on the input and output shafts of the gearbox are not aligned correctly
Symptom: the drive train will not run smoothly and in higher gears you’ll hear a cracking noise.
How to fix with a finished build: Follow these steps:

Step 102 – Red 2L axle

Error: if the 2L red axle is not pushed in then the some beams will not be linked together and the structure becomes unstable

Step 104-106 – rear suspension – lower attachment point of the springs

Error: The lower attachment point of the springs in the rear suspension are chosen incorrectly, the inner hole is used on the suspension arm instead of the outer axle hole
Symptom: the suspension will not work properly and the whole rear of the car will sit lower than the front
How to fix with a finished build: follow these steps:

Step 134 – front differential direction swap

Error: The direction of the differential is important at step 134
Symptom: If one of the two differentials is built in reversed then the front and rear wheels will work against each other and the central differential won’t turn, it won’t drive the gearbox and the engine.
How to fix with a finished build : Same as the fix for Step 4

Step 152-154 – front suspension – lower attachment point of the springs

Error: The lower attachment point of the springs in the front suspension are chosen incorrectly, the inner hole is used on the suspension arm instead of the outer axle hole
Symptom: the suspension will not work properly and the whole front of the car will sit lower than the rear
How to fix with a finished build : Same as the fix for Step 104-106

Step 259-261 – correct assembly of the DNR and Hi/Lo selectors

Error: the assembly of the DNR and the Hi/Lo selector requires a lot of parts to be aligned correctly, if there’s a mistake they won’t work properly

Step 271 – correct gear usage

Error – if the dark bluish gray 8 tooth gear is not added at step 271 or an incorrect one is used then the front wheels won’t drive the central differential
Symptom: The front wheels are not driving the central differential

Step 272 – U joint should not touch the 24 tooth gear

Error: The U-joint on the input shaft of the gearbox is placed incorrectly and it touches the 24 tooth gear next to it
Symptom: Cracking noise coming from the drive train
How to fix with a finished build: Follow these steps:

Verification steps

I suggest to follow these verification steps to see if everything works correctly at that stage.

What shall work at the end of bag 1 at step 123

Verification of all functions at step 321

General advises

  • There should be no bigger pieces or gears left after any building stages. You can see the list of the leftover parts here at the end of the inventory. If you have any bigger parts left after finishing a section go back and find where it belongs.

Problems that are not really problems

Left/right or front/rear wheels are turning in the opposite direction

Step 62 – wheels are not turning the gears in the gearbox

At this stage the wheels are not yet connected to the gearbox

End of bag 1 – wheels are not turning the gears in the gearbox

At this stage the wheels are not yet connected to the gearbox

What to do if everything is built correctly and the gears are still cracking

As you see in the video, if the car is still cracking then the best solution is to take it apart and try to rebuild it with everything aligned properly. There’s no ultimate fix for the cracking, you need to verify each section carefully to ensure a smooth operation.

There is one additional thing you can try to fix the cracking if everything else fails, although this falls in the “might or might not work” category. For some people flipping both differentials at the front and rear axle eliminates the cracking.



  1. Fantastic, job well done, Thanks a million !

  2. My central differential (red thing) is stuck. Please help me

  3. Hi! My car is only making crackling noises when the highest gear (4) is in use… It runs smooth on all the lower gears (1-3). What can I do to solve that kind of problem? Any suggestions?

    • Check all potential issues, if no solution then dismantle, rebuild, verify each phase during build.

    • Same 🙁 but if I roll the wheels slowly without rapid movements cracking noise disappeares. So it might be just the friction

    • Did you manage to fix the clicking in high gear? I’ve re built the whole car following all of the above steps and still have the same problem?

    • Try rolling the car backwards (and not forward), but still on D. Does it work that way and doesn’t crack? If that’s the case, flip both the front and rear differentials so their large side is facing the passenger side of the car.

  4. como se llama el programa que utiliza para simular en 3D y utra pregunta la transmision truena mucho podria agregarle un poko de aceite de maquina de coser …
    saludos excelente su perfil

  5. Pingback: LEGO Technic: Guida di riparazione per il Land Rover Defender (42110) - Hobbymedia

  6. Um… I did everything but it is still cracking and my car is bought in new less than a week, so someone please help me for the annoying cracking from my new car.

    • I’ve often found that newer LEGO sets gears have more friction, as they get used they wear down and run more smoothly. Run it a lot, disassemble it if you have to, but over time the gears should run smoothly.

  7. I’ve built my model but when I turn the red diff (in front of the grey one) all the wheels turn, however when I turn the front or rear diff only the respective diffs turn up to the centre diff. My engine does not operate only when I turn the cog in the boot Also I don’t think my gearbox/hi-Lo or +\- fines done seem to do anything thing??

  8. I’m struggling to get the pistons to move.

    I’ve followed the guide posted above it all appears to be in order but yet, the pistons will not go up and down when the car moves.

    Does anyone have any idea?

    • Remove the body, put the car in D, then follow the guide that shows how the drive train works from the wheels until the engine. If something does not move as it is supposed to move, you’ll find the source of the problem.

  9. Hi! I like this a lot but I must have Done something Wrong I cant steer my front Wheeling Will not turn.

    • Hi, I had the same issue and went back. In my case, one of the small pins in number 132 was upside down. For both, the top level should be equal to the brick, the very small part that sticks out should be at the bottom.

  10. Hi, love the guide but I’m still having issues. I can only get the pistons to work when in R. I’ve rebuilt the whole gearbox several times but cannot get it to work in D.
    Please help

    • If it does work in R but not in D then check the Hi/Lo selector and the gearbox itself. Does the input shaft of the gearbox rotate when you push the car? Does the output shaft rotate? You can narrow down the issue if you have a look at my video, understand what parts should be engaged when it’s in D and compare it to your build.

      • Did you manage to fix this issue? I’m having the exact same issue works fine in R but if try to run in D will go so far and then will run backward when I pick it up. Its so frustrating and I really don’t want to have to take to bits again.

        • Hi mate did you find out what the issue is I’m having the same dam problem. Works in R but like binds fights against each other in D when u pick it up it’s like a wind up car.

  11. Nicolás Fliedl

    The U Joints are placed correctly,the red diferencial cracks in Most Gears and the engine doesnt works good.
    Please Help me.

  12. My problem was not listed. Both the rear wheels are incapable of moving in the same direction and the entire rear gearbox is wont move and will make the cracking sounds if forced. I think the problem is that there is a gear that is stuck in the back, but I was wondering if this was a more common problem.

  13. Very helpful guide. Thanks ! After going through the steps I’m left with a strange issue. I get cracking noises only in 1st and 2nd gears (both Hi and Lo). Is this a known/fixable issue ?


    • The cracking is quite difficult to eliminate fully, you need to have every gear/axle and piece aligned without adding extra tension to the drive train.

  14. Is it possible that in the newest production run some of the manual issues have been resolved?

    • The mistake with the U-joint alignment was corrected already some time ago in both the printed and the online manuals, I’m not sure if there’s anything else to correct.

      • I’m sorry, I misunderstood what these errors are; they’re common mistakes, not errors in the manual. Thank you for clarifying, and even more for putting all of this together!

  15. When in gear, my front and back wheels spin against each other… all differentials appear to be in the correct orientations (the larger end of the differentials are both along the left side of the car).. tried doing a rebuild of bags 1 and 2… still no luck..

    Any suggestions to try??

  16. My front and rear wheels spin against each other when in drive… all differentials appear to be in correct orientations…. I noticed when I spin the small grey gear that connects far right side u connector with the gears that move the pistons, manually, the wheels spin correctly…

    Please help!?!?

  17. Hi, I love this site. Thanks for sharing this info. I figured out one of the problems I had. But, I have a big question remaining. The gear in my car works if I pull the shifts, but nothing happend and also the motor ins’t running.

    Can you help? Hoping to hear from you.


  18. I fixed some clacking due to u joint connections hitting gears. Thanks.

    But in the highest gear, or lowest – I can’t tell – the car acts like pull back wind up toy. Either the pistons do nothing and then go in a fast burst. Or if I push the vehicle and then lift the wheels they unwind in the opposite direction! 🙁 In other gears it’s ok.
    Differential orientation is correct and my u joints are aligned thanks to you. Any thoughts?

    • Hi Douglas, I have same issue with engine and gears not moving much and then running really fast. Also if you push the car forwards it then starts to run backwards! Did you find the cause ? About to go for a rebuild here. Thanks

      • Hi Jim, I have the same issue here. Have you managed to solve it?
        I really enjoyed watching the whole video, thank you very much for putting it together!

  19. Thank you for this guide !

    Step 88-89 above fixed the cracking noise. Good thing it was an easy fix, just had to remove 1 seat and 1 door.

  20. Do you have any videos for building steps 206-246, I’m on my third go building this section and every time I connect everything up the engine does nothing when I move the various cogs. The selectors appear to be in the right position but they don’t do anything in terms of engaging different gears.

    Also on my fifth go of trying to make the wheels all go in the same direction as each other. I own more than twenty bits of Lego technic and no kit has flummoxed me like this ! Almost getting to the point where I’m not enjoying it.

    • I only have the video that you see in this post. Try to follow the drive train from the wheels from the central differential and see which gears are engaged.

      • Thanks, I’ll try again. I’m a Lego enthusiast not an engineer or a mechanic, I think for this build you need to be the latter. I’m obviously making the same mistake every time because the instructions aren’t clear enough to me as a non-mechanic.

  21. Slightly different problem for me. It runs okay in reverse in lowest gear (i.e. engine turning over fastest), but clicks when pushed forward. Does anyone have any ideas?

    • I should clarify when I say ‘reverse’ I mean pushing it backwards. The gear selector is in ‘D’ in both circumstances.

  22. Fantastic! That’s not cracking anymore! Thanks for all. You’r the best!!

  23. Eemil Lampinen finnish lego unboxing media

    i have the mistake instructions in step 89 the u joints are wrong position but you help guide help me a lot i build this set like you after 2 bags (number one and number 2) i put wheels on land rover and test if anything works wrong and everything was correct thanks you help guide i build land rover complety today and everything works smooth if you hadnt made these videos i would be in trouble like step 89 im maybe could have built wrong

  24. i have two problems. i have the shifter on D, at 1st or 2nd gear it’s ok bot on 3rd and 4th i hear the carcking noise. if the shifter is on R then all the gears (1-4) are ok. the other problem is that if i steer the wheels at the roof then it feels a little bit hard to steer but if i steer on the steering wheel inside the car or if i steer the wheels from the actual wheels it feels even more harder. Can you help please?
    Sorry for my bad english.

  25. I am not sure the order of the 4 gears is correct. In the sense that they don’t go from faster to slower as I rotate the selector, they seem in some random order. Could you please double check on your and tell me how the orange gear selector is positioned when the lower (-) gear is selected? Thanks!

  26. I have the same problem but only in D mode. Everything is checked and still no results.

  27. Really appreciate the effort going into this blog and the videos. Very helpful! I watched it prior to my full rebuild of the model and it helped me in avoiding the U-joint mistake.

    My situation is that I have no cracking noise as which is caused by the mis-aligned U-joints. Also no cases of the wheel turning backwards once you pick it up. All gears are working and the fake engine is moving. So basically I think I have the build correct. However, I do find the resistance that the model has in High gear a bit unpleasant. More specifically only in D/Hi/2 and D/Hi/3 you notice that the output shaft is playing catchup sometimes and thereś just more stress on the drivetrain as I would like. (I am unable to make it crack, even when driving it very quickly) I would still want/desire a more smooth/fluid experience but I am at a point of believing it is simply not possible to get everything running buttery smooth on this model. (I think this is also what RacingBrick indicates in his videos).

    @RacingBrick: at those moments when you demo what sounds “normal”, dropping the music would be helpful! 😀

    – Gearbox alone is smooth (ratating in and out shafts)
    – Fake engine is smooth (when using R)
    – DNR and Hi/Lo selector is smooth
    > Just when everything is together with those high gears…

    Maybe it’s time to let it rest and just build the body of the car.

    • I think this is pretty much the maximum you can achieve, it will not be smoother than that. Just take a look at all the plastic gears working together (with their tolerance rate) and you will understand why it works like this. To make it better a drastic simplification would be needed.

      • Yes, I think you’re right. But it sure feels nice having you confirm that once again. 😉 Thanks again for all your efforts, really enjoy your content!

    • Edit: I meant D/Hi/3 and D/Hi/4 of course.

  28. I just finished my build….. I was so happy! And then I realized something was very wrong. At step 75 I had missed one of the cogs on the central differential (the one that sits on the grey axel).

    What is the easiest way to get to the differential to install the missing cog?

  29. I had the problem – no freewheel in any gear – and revisited step 65, inverted the piece and now freewheels – but freewheels in F & R as well as N, and no engine movement!!
    How bad id this?

  30. My son put together this model, and the pistons wouldn’t move. Without much hope, I went through your guide, and much to my surprise, you actually described the problem: the differential from step #4 was mounted in the wrong direction! After changing it, it now all works as expected! Thanks a lot – really! You made our day in the quarantine 🙂

  31. been trying to fix now for 4 hours or more
    i have perfect sync in reverse, pistons work, drives smooth

    but in forward does not want to drive and springs back.
    tried so many times lost count inc changing both diff.
    in forward gear red central diff really struggles in forward


    • There should be a connection that is slightly misaligned. Unfortunately there’s no exact simple solution for this, you either accept it as it is or rebuild with frequent verifications.

  32. Hi Everyone,
    I’m hoping to get some advice regards to steering.
    I’ve just finished building the model, and the steering doesn’t work at all.
    I’ve taken it apart and rebuilt and I still can’t get the steering to work. It must be something really simple. 🤯🤯
    Any Advice would be grateful.

    • Remove the body according to the instructions here and follow all gears from the HOG steering to the steering rack, you should be able to find the issue

  33. i have this model and it has been sat in its box for about a month, before then first opened and built. I have checked it on the videos above and it still cracks. It has a steady rise in stiffness before getting smoother but quickly after it peaks at a higher point of stiffness. It does this 1 or 2 more times before continually cracking. the Lower gear it is on the quicker and worse the cracking comes on (with gear 1 being almost instant). Should i try and run it to make the gears wear in or do something else?

  34. So my model’s only problem is the higher the gear I set it to the more likely it seems the gears pause and lag and then will turn the other way like a wind up toy. I’ve looked over the other comments and it seems this is a common enough problem where the wheels will spring back once I pick it up if it was struggling along. The pistons will pause and then move really fast. I just rebuilt the front gearbox which fixed my cracking problems so I’m wondering if what I should do is rebuild the back gearbox? Just confirming there isn’t another easy course of action and that that is what I should do. Thanks.

    • This is the same effect that causes the cracking, apart from the fixes described here the only solution is to rebuild the drive train carefully.

  35. Also, unrelated question, should the pistons move in D if neither Hi or Lo gear are selected and the red selector thing is just in the middle? Because mine do not.

  36. Thanks a lot man, for real, you’re really dedicated to helping us out!

  37. hey guys, i need advice
    my red differential is cracking even though the u joints are corrected, this happens when its set it to drive at high on the highest gearbox setting.

  38. Totally the same with me.

  39. Hello! I cannot get my dang car to work! I have had no luck getting my pistons to work. I noticed that the shorter u join is hard to move and it’s stopping the car from working. And advice???

    • I still haven’t gotten it I am pretty sure it’s the short U joint because both parts were working fine until they were joined together and it’s like the short u joint is jammed

      • Same here!
        Everything seems running nice and smoothly and after connection the only reward is cracking and cheap pullback-car behavior…
        It really drives me crazy!!!
        I’m a really experienced Lego Technic Builder and I was really looking forward having the Landy…
        But now I’m really considering sending it back as broken and asking refund…
        Sooo saaad…!!!

  40. Step 65 saved me about 30 hours.

    Fantastic job mate!

  41. Dear community,

    I have a big problem with my Defender!!
    I already did Racingbricks repair-guide step by step! I even disassembled everything and rebuild it from scratch, doublechecking all steps, aligning all axles and gears carefully and taking the greatest of care that all gears could turn easily!
    (And I’m really a experienced Lego Technic builder!!)

    But in the higher speeds, my Landy behaves always as a cheap windup car! (As described by others before me!

    It’s been sooo long I was looking forward to have this model!!
    But now that I have it, all I have is biiig frustration and disappointment!!!

    Any tips would be HIGHLY appreciated, thanx!!

  42. I had the clicking sound and applied the differential flip trick and fixed my issue. My individual gear pieces were functioning perfectly while the connected body always had an issue. Flipping fixed it.

    I know it says up there may or not may fix it but I am posting to note that I am another positive outcome. So with high probability this may work for you as well.

  43. Both my differentials do not work and when I turn the drivesshaft, only the front wheels will turn.

    • The large grey piece of the differential turns when I turn any wheels. Only 2 of the small internal beige pieces turn when I spin and individual wheel on any side. When I spin the driveshaft, the front wheels turn fine, but the back wheels do not turn. All rotation stops after the main structure of the central differential. Both grey differentials worked just fine before assembly at step 321. On my first build I did not have this issue, I had cracking which I solved with my rebuild but now these issues remain. I had to rebuild up to step 123 about 5 times for the rear differentials to work properly and all of a sudden it stopped working.

      • Check the orientation of the differentials, whether they are not working against each other. If you turn the central differential manually then all wheels should turn in the same direction.

  44. When the vehicle is in drive I push the vehicle forward and the cylinders are not moving can you help me please what should I do

    • I certain gears you need to push almost 1m to engage the engine. If it does not move at all then check my video section by section, how the drive train supposed to work and compare with your build.

  45. The vehicle is moving way easier when I push it backwards is it supposed to be LIke this

  46. I have a problem being the engine runs when pushing the car forward and backwards when reverse gear is selected… other than that I’m sure everything works fine just not sure what to change to fix this issue

    Please help, much appreciated

    • Not sure if I get the problem, the engine should run when reverse is selected. Can you explain it better?

      • Sorry, when reverse is selected the engine moves both when rolling the car forwards and when I push the car backwards.

        • The car does not know when you push the car forwards or backwards so it won’t have an effect on the engine. Reverse here means 2 things – the engine itself runs “backwards” compared to the forward gears, and it has a constant speed so the gearbox is bypassed.

  47. Will you make instructions on how to motorize this fantastic Lego set?

  48. Flipping both differentials on front and rear axle immediately solved the cracking problem in the higher gears
    Thank you.

  49. I thought I had followed all the steps up to 70 in phase 1 correctly but when I roll the left or right wheel, the other wheel will only go in the opposite direction. Effectively, the wheels go in opposite directions from each other.

  50. Hello!

    I just finished step 398, and I put the wheels on to test it, but when I tried pushing the car forward, the fake engine pistons did not move. This happens when I push the car backward too. I tried all the gear options and it doesn’t move.

  51. nevermind, the differentials were not positioned right

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